Benefits such as mental stimulation and social engagement are associated with staving off chronic disease.

Punching a time clock is still part of the regular routine for an increasing number of older adults. They’re staying employed or going back to work, even though they’re beyond the traditional retirement age of 65.

“For well over 100 years, men had been retiring at earlier and earlier ages. Something shifted in the 1990s, and they began working longer. The story for women is different. They weren’t always in the labor force. But now we see employment rates rising for women at every age,” says Nicole Maestas, an associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School. She studies the economics of aging, health, and disability.

Why are we working later in life?


iStock, jacoblund

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