CHICAGO — “In medical school, we focus on pathophysiology and mechanisms and medicines and treatments, and not so much on lifestyle” when it comes to breast cancer, said Jewel Kling, MD, from Women’s Health Internal Medicine in Scottsdale, Arizona.

But when women implement a range of healthy behaviors, they can cut their risk for preventable breast cancer substantially, she told Medscape Medical News.

Kling acknowledged that framing is important, and noted that lifestyle advice can become a slippery slope.

“I don’t want patients to hear me saying you caused your own cancer by not doing these things,” she said. “There are a lot of things not in your control.” Two of three breast cancer cases are not preventable. “But if there’s one-third of cases you can focus your energy and anxiety about your health on, then you’re going to feel empowered and do better.”


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