Researchers at the School of Medicine and their collaborators found that some hospitals in the state rarely administer antibiotics to newborns, while others give antibiotics to nearly half of the newborns in their care.

The rate at which California’s newborns receive antibiotics varies dramatically depending on the hospital, a study led by researchers at the School of Medicine has found: Percentages were as low as 1.6 and as high as 42.5.

Researchers compared data from 121 California hospitals that have neonatal intensive care units, looking at 326,845 babies born during 2017. A paper describing the work was published Oct. 22 in Pediatrics.

They calculated the percentage of newborns at each hospital who received antibiotics, as well as the number who received antibiotics per proven case of sepsis, or bloodstream infection.


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