Abstract

Background

Measles incidence and mortality rates have significantly decreased since vaccine introduction. Despite this progress, however, there has been a global resurgence of measles. To understand the current global epidemiology, we analyzed measles surveillance data.

Methods

We analyzed data on measles cases from 2013–2018 reported to the World Health Organization. Univariate analysis was undertaken based on age, vaccination history, onset year, World Health Organization region, and World Bank income status for the country where the case was reported, and a surrogate indicator of the historical strength of the country’s immunization program. Annual incidence and a 2013–2018 mean country incidence per million were calculated.

Credit: CDC . Goldsmith; William Bellini, Ph.D.
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Results