With 89 239 cases, gonorrhoea was the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in 2017.

Gonorrhoea is a serious public health problem as untreated infections may lead to severe secondary sequelae, including pelvic inflammatory disease, first-trimester miscarriages, ectopic pregnancy and infertility [1]. N. infections also facilitate HIV acquisition and transmission [2]. Successful treatment of cases reduces the risk of complications, but also serves as the main public health strategy for reducing transmission apart from condom use.

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