Summary Current recommendations for standard and transmission-based precautions in place for patients who are suspected or known to be infected or colonized with infectious agents are best suited to prevent the transfer of micro-organisms to other patients – that is, to prevent the acquisition of a healthcare-associated infection, rather than to protect the healthcare worker from self-contamination resulting in a potential occupationally acquired infection. This article reviews current recommended infection prevention and control practices and offers a framework for better protection and controls from an occupational health point of view. We offer a model with two exposure routes – contact and aerosol – resulting from work activities and environments, shifting the focus away from particular pathogenic micro-organisms’ typical methods for spreading to patients or to other non-workers in hospital and community settings.

 

 

Image by Miroslava Chrienova from Pixabay

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