Purpose of Review
It is well known that combination of sensitization and exposure to inhaled environmental allergens is related to both the development and elicitation of symptoms of asthma and that avoidance of allergens would exert beneficial effects in the prevention and control of the disease. Other important factors include the relevance of other allergens, exposure to sensitizing agents also outside patient’s home, exposure to irritants (like chemical air pollutants), and the involvement of the patient with a correct education. It is also likely that clinical phase of allergic airway disease and the degree of airways remodeling represent relevant factors for the clinical outcome of allergen avoidance procedure. We reviewed existing evidence on prevention of asthma through allergen avoidance.