Pregnant women who deliver early are more likely to have a diverse community of vaginal bacteria, finds a new study published in Frontiers in Microbiology. These findings also highlight specific bacteria associated with premature birth and could help identify the women most at risk of giving birth prematurely. “We show a link between higher vaginal microbial diversity and premature birth, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy,” says Marina Sirota, an Assistant Professor at the Bakar Computational Health Sciences Institute at the University of California San Francisco, USA. “In addition to confirming several bacterial species known to be associated with premature birth, we have identified several new ones.”

 

 

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