What is CABP?
CABP is a medical term for Community Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, an infection in the lung(s) most commonly caused by bacteria, though it can also result from viruses or fungi. Five million Americans annually develop pneumonia, and it is the leading cause of infection-related death and hospitalization in the U.S.
When the lung becomes infected, it typically causes inflammation and mucus production. People who develop bacterial pneumonia usually have a cough, high fever, chills/sweats, trouble breathing, chest discomfort, fatigue, and body aches. As physicians, we recognize people with pneumonia by the symptoms they are reporting along with evaluating heart rate, breathing rate, what the lungs sound like using a stethoscope, lung appearance on a chest x-ray, and oxygen levels in the blood.
People over the age of 70, especially those with chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease and weakened immune systems, are affected more often than those who are younger. Higher rates of complications such as needing to be placed on oxygen and possibly on a breathing machine can be seen in the older group. Older patients have a greater risk of developing sepsis, organ failure, and possible death from pneumonia.
How is CABP treated?