•    The biological activity of the EOM of PM assessed in bacteria.
•    The EOM of PM induced oxidative stress in E. coli.
•    The highest ROS production in E.coli induced by MPOF and the NPOF.
•    Small particles <0.49 μm induced lipid peroxidation in E.coli measured by MDA.
•    DNA damage and mutagenicity was assessed in bacteria.


Credit: CDC

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