Key Points

Question  Do patients who are admitted to the hospital for a low-value procedure (ie, those that would not be expected to require admission) develop hospital-acquired complications?

Findings  In this cohort study and descriptive analysis of 9330 episodes of low-value use of 7 procedures (ranging from 56 low-value spinal fusions to 3963 low-value knee arthroscopies), depending on the procedure, between 0.2% and 15.0% of patients receiving these low-value procedures developed at least 1 of 16 hospital-acquired complications, the most common being health care–associated infection.

Meaning  Use of these 7 low-value procedures is harming patients, consuming additional hospital resources, and potentially delaying care for other patients for whom the services would be

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