Causes of childhood encephalitis are predominantly epidemic viral infections and frequently include vaccine-preventable diseases, according to study results published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Encephalitis most commonly affects children and is recognized as a cause of considerable disease burden. However, since 1998, there has been a paucity of studies that include and focus on children. This has likely caused sampling biases in these studies when assessing the severity of disease and etiologic spectrum. Therefore, this study evaluated the contemporary causes, clinical features, and short-term outcome of encephalitis in a cohort of Australian children.