The link between seasonal variation and viral outbreaks is a topic of much debate.1 It is postulated that cold temperatures increase viral half-lives and that low relative humidity (RH) adversely influences natural processes that otherwise lead to viral inactivation.2 3 As such, there is a growing interest in whether indoor temperature and RH may be modifiable risk factors for aerial transmission of viruses. Indeed, preclinical studies and observational data suggest that high temperature as well as RH in the 40%–60% range may reduce transmission of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).4 5 And although high humidity has been shown to reduce transmission of various other aerosolised viruses,3 once RH exceeds 60%, the likelihood of mould growth increases significantly. At present, various regulatory bodies in the USA suggest that during winter months, indoor temperature should be maintained between 20°C and 24°C, while RH should be maintained between 20% and 60%.6 Given that social distancing by healthcare providers may be difficult to achieve in the workplace, we investigated ambient temperature and RH at three major teaching hospitals in Boston, Massachusetts. Measurements were performed using a commercially available temperature and RH monitor (Extech Instruments, Nashua, New Hampshire, USA). The device was placed in an unobstructed area and allowed to calibrate over 5 min before recording the temperature and RH. For each location, five separate areas were assessed and averaged (table 1).



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Citation Quraishi SABerra LNozariIndoor temperature and relative humidity in hospitals: workplace considerations during the novel coronavirus pandemic