Infants born to mothers with HIV but are not infected with the virus tend to be smaller at birth. However, research published in Clinical Infectious Diseases demonstrates that many HIV-exposed and uninfected, or HEU, children catch up in weight and length by early childhood.

“As [combination ART (cART)] is now recommended and implemented globally to all people living with HIV, an increasing number of women living with HIV will either conceive or initiate cART during pregnancy, resulting in a growing population of HEU children,” Ellen Moseholm Larsen, a PhD student in the department of infectious diseases at Copenhagen University Hospital, and colleagues wrote. “Exposures to HIV and cART in utero may have adverse effects on infant development and growth.”

 

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