Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) are infections that occur while receiving health care. Patients with medical devices (central lines, urinary catheters, ventilators) or who undergo surgical procedures are at risk of acquiring HCAIs. HCAIs remain a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and overall direct and not-direct costs in all regions of the world. Despite guidelines to direct HCAIs prevention strategies, compliance with infection prevention and control is often poor.

 

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