Objective
The objectives of this project were to:

1) assess the uniform application of biosafety and biosecurity policy and directives, plans, orders, and guidance across DoD Component laboratories that were conducting research using
biological select agents and toxins (BSAT) and 2) evaluate DoD biological safety and security oversight at laboratories; DoD Component biological safety and security compliance with Federal, DoD, and Service policy; and DoD and Component actions on recommendations from previous Government Accountability Office, Defense Science Board, and Defense Health Board reports.

Findings
We found that:

• DoD had not maintained biosafety and biosecurity program management, oversight, and inspections of its BSAT laboratories according to applicable Federal regulations.
• BSAT laboratories in Military Services were inspected according to different guidance, standards, and procedures, risking dangerous lapses in biosafety practices.
• Lack of coordinated oversight of DoD laboratories led to multiple, missing, and duplicative inspections, and, therefore, an excessive administrative burden that could interfere with scientific research performance.

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)

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