Abstract Background China piloted a digital adherence technology called electronic medication monitor (EMM) to support self-administered treatment for tuberculosis. EMM is a portable plastic box that records each time the device is opened, offering an indirect measure of treatment adherence. During the monthly patient visits to tuberculosis designated hospitals, the doctors access the data from the EMM. Objectives Among people with tuberculosis notified in 30 counties in China (July-December 2018) where EMM supported self-administered treatment was suggested to all those eligible (no communication impairment, ambulatory care), we assessed the i) proportion eligible for using EMM ii) uptake of EMM and factors associated and iii) treatment adherence, including the proportion shifted to DOT. Methods This was an observational study using secondary programme data. Single instance of ≥50% or continued instance of 20–49% monthly missed doses was the eligibility criteria to shift to DOT. We used log binomial regression to identify factors associated with not using EMM within first month.

 

Maksym Kozlenko [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

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