Eight vaccine candidates for the coronavirus disease are in clinical trial with another 110 in various stages of development, as governments around the world scramble to contain the virus, according to World Health Organisation (WHO) data. Pharmaceutical companies and health institutes in countries including the United States, China and Germany have led the development to treat Covid-19 patients. US President Donald Trump  on Friday announced a national project to accelerate development of a coronavirus vaccine, saying he hopes for results by the “end of the year” or “maybe before”. In Japan , a vaccine for the virus that has killed around 300,000 people worldwide is unlikely to be available before the end of the year, medical experts say.

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