Study uncovers largest US outbreak of neurologic disease to date

By |2020-01-12T15:19:50+00:00January 12th, 2020|

Summary: Study connects enterovirus A71, which causes Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, to a large outbreak of neurological illness in the U.S in 2018. Symptoms of the virus include myoclonus, ataxia, weakness, and autonomic instability. Source: Children’s Hospital Colorado The Lancet Infectious Diseases recently published the results of an observational study led by researchers on Children’s Hospital Colorado [...]

The C Diff Conundrum: Sources Harder to Pin Down, Making Control Difficult

By |2020-01-12T15:11:59+00:00January 12th, 2020|

How is Clostridioides difficile epidemiology changing? What risk factors are associated with community-acquired C. diff (CA-CDI)? How has molecular epidemiology improved our understanding of C. diff transmission? What are the potential novel sources of C. diff? Investigators with Duke University Medical Center certainly asked the right questions in “Novel and Emerging Sources of Clostridioides difficile Infection,” a new study published December 19 in PLOS Pathogens. The [...]

Comparative therapeutic efficacy of remdesivir and combination lopinavir, ritonavir, and interferon beta against MERS-CoV

By |2020-01-12T15:01:55+00:00January 12th, 2020|

Abstract Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is the causative agent of a severe respiratory disease associated with more than 2468 human infections and over 851 deaths in 27 countries since 2012. There are no approved treatments for MERS-CoV infection although a combination of lopinavir, ritonavir and interferon beta (LPV/RTV-IFNb) is currently being evaluated in [...]

Initial genome release of novel coronavirus

By |2020-01-12T14:52:34+00:00January 12th, 2020|

The Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center & School of Public Health, in collaboration with the Central Hospital of Wuhan, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, the Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control, and the University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia is [...]

Source apportionment of particle number size distribution in urban background and traffic stations in four European cities

By |2020-01-12T14:29:59+00:00January 12th, 2020|

Highlights •    Ultrafine particle sources were identified and quantified in four European cities. •    Common sources were Photonucleation, different Traffic sources, and Secondary. •    Maximum contribution of traffic sources ranged 71–94% of total particle number. •    Airport emissions contributed to nucleation particles in urban background areas. Abstract Ultrafine particles (UFP) are suspected of having [...]

China releases genetic data on new coronavirus, now deadly

By |2020-01-12T14:21:25+00:00January 12th, 2020|

In quickly moving developments last night, health officials from Wuhan, China, posted a novel coronavirus (nCoV) pneumonia outbreak update, which scaled back the number of cases to 41 and noted the first death, and researchers from China released the genetic sequence of the nCoV. And this morning the World Health Organization (WHO) released several interim [...]

Pneumonia: What It Is And How To Fight It

By |2020-01-11T16:04:39+00:00January 11th, 2020|

What is CABP? CABP is a medical term for Community Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, an infection in the lung(s) most commonly caused by bacteria, though it can also result from viruses or fungi. Five million Americans annually develop pneumonia, and it is the leading cause of infection-related death and hospitalization in the U.S. When the lung [...]

Exposure to NO2 linked to schizophrenia

By |2020-01-11T15:58:40+00:00January 11th, 2020|

Children who are exposed to high levels of daily air pollution face a 600% higher chance of developing schizophrenia, according to research published in the JAMA Network Open.  Schizophrenia is a severe long-term mental health condition, it causes a range of different psychological symptoms, from hallucinations to losing interest in everyday activities. Researchers from Aarhus University, [...]

Experimental study of the human walking-induced fine and ultrafine particle resuspension in a test chamber

By |2020-01-11T15:54:39+00:00January 11th, 2020|

Highlights •    In indoor environments, ventilation by air supply without the use of a mixing fan does not ensure the well-mixed condition. •    Ultrafine particle concentrations in indoor environments can be affected by human walking. •    The importance of using the number-based concentrations to quantify the human walking-induced particle resuspension. •    [...]

Measles – Gaza Strip

By |2020-01-11T15:50:55+00:00January 11th, 2020|

From 1 January through 19 December 2019, a total of 124 laboratory confirmed cases of measles, including two deaths, were reported in the Gaza Strip (case fatality ratio=1.6%). Of the confirmed cases, forty-nine cases (40%) were hospitalized, 12 were among health care workers, and seventy-five (60%) were males. Gaza Strip has an estimated population of [...]