Could these be the culprits in the increasing incidence of kidney stones?

The associations between urinary stone disease (USD), oxalate and the microbiome are well known. Microbial oxalate metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract involves a diverse, functional microbial network that includes multiple species of oxalate-degrading bacteria, along with other functional groups of bacteria that include acetogenic bacteria, methanogenic bacteria, sulfate-reducing bacteria, and others.

Antibiotics and diet: significant impact

Image by (Joenomias) Menno de Jong from Pixabay

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