Abstract Introduction Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) achieve disease control in the majority of asthmatic patients, although adherence to prescribed ICS is often poor. Patients with severe eosinophilic asthma may require treatment with oral corticosteroids (OCS) and/or biologic agents such as mepolizumab. It is unknown if ICS adherence changes on, or alters clinical response to, biologic therapy. Methods We examined ICS adherence and clinical outcomes in OCS-dependent severe eosinophilic asthma patients who completed 1 year of mepolizumab therapy. The ICS medicines possession ratio (MPR) was calculated (the number of doses of ICS issued on prescription/expected number) for the year before and the year after biologic initiation. Good adherence was defined as MPR >0.75, intermediate 0.74–0.51 and poor <0.5. We examined outcomes after 12 months of biologic therapy, including OCS reduction and annualised exacerbation rate (AER), stratified by adherence to ICS on mepolizumab.