EXCLUSIVE: Controversial experiments that could make bird flu more risky poised to resume

By |2019-02-17T17:32:50+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Controversial lab studies that modify bird flu viruses in ways that could make them more risky to humans will soon resume after being on hold for more than 4 years. ScienceInsider has learned that last year, a U.S. government review panel quietly approved experiments proposed by two labs that were previously considered so dangerous that federal officials [...]

Social media, screen time, and young people’s mental health

By |2019-02-17T17:27:45+00:00February 17th, 2019|

The death by suicide in 2017 of a 14-year-old British girl has in the past month led to a highly charged debate about social media's negative effects on children's and young people's mental health. The concern is the ease with which explicit images of self-harm can be accessed on Instagram and other platforms. Discussions have [...]

Denmark E. coli outbreak declared over; Salmonella investigation continues

By |2019-02-17T17:13:37+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Danish officials have ended an investigation into an outbreak of E. coli that affected almost 40 people, but they are continuing to look at a Salmonella monophasic Typhimurium outbreak that has sickened almost 50 people. For the E. coli outbreak, it was not possible to find the source of infection, officials report, but there was [...]

Early US flu vaccine analysis finds moderate protection

By |2019-02-17T17:06:21+00:00February 17th, 2019|

In its early estimate of this season's flu vaccine effectiveness (VE) in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said VE was modest—at 47%—but the vaccine afforded better protection in children but less in adults age 50 and older. Midway through and at the end of each flu season the CDC [...]

University-Based Outbreaks of Meningococcal Disease Caused by Serogroup B, United States, 2013–2018

By |2019-02-17T17:01:33+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Abstract We reviewed university-based outbreaks of meningococcal disease caused by serogroup B and vaccination responses in the United States in the years following serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine availability. Ten university-based outbreaks occurred in 7 states during 2013–2018, causing a total of 39 cases and 2 deaths. Outbreaks occurred at universities with 3,600–35,000 undergraduates. Outbreak [...]

Study: At-home decolonization cuts MRSA, other infections

By |2019-02-17T16:45:06+00:00February 17th, 2019|

The results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial involving patients colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) indicate a twice-monthly decolonization routine after discharge could significantly reduce the risk of MRSA and other types of bacterial infection. In a study yesterday in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the University of California Irvine (UCI) School of Medicine [...]

Estimating Risk to Responders Exposed to Avian Influenza A H5 and H7 Viruses in Poultry, United States, 2014–2017

By |2019-02-17T16:03:29+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Abstract In the United States, outbreaks of avian influenza H5 and H7 virus infections in poultry have raised concern about the risk for infections in humans. We reviewed the data collected during 2014–2017 and found no human infections among 4,555 exposed responders who were wearing protection. In late 2014 and early 2015, highly pathogenic avian [...]

What happened to bird flu? How a major threat to human health faded from view

By |2019-02-17T15:50:08+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Just over a dozen years ago, a bird flu virus known as H5N1 was charting a destructive course through Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East, ravaging poultry in apocalyptic numbers and killing 6 in 10 humans known to have contracted it. The overall human death toll was low — in the hundreds — but scientists and [...]

Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. and Deputy Commissioner Frank Yiannas on findings from the agency’s investigation of the November 2018 outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 in California-linked romaine lettuce

By |2019-02-17T15:33:30+00:00February 17th, 2019|

Statement The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention acted quickly to protect consumers from an emerging outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 linked to romaine lettuce by issuing a public warning this past November and recommending that industry and retailers voluntarily remove the product from the market. It was critical to provide [...]