North Dakota reports 1st human West Nile virus case in Ramsey County

By | 2018-06-19T02:12:14+00:00 June 19th, 2018|

The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) has confirmed the first human case of West Nile virus (WNV) disease for the season. Additionally, a pool of mosquitos has tested positive for WNV in Grand Forks. The individual resides in Ramsey County and was not hospitalized for their illnesses. In 2017, the NDDoH received reports that [...]

DRC bordering countries begin Ebola preparedness training

By | 2018-06-18T23:57:10+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

WASHINGTON — The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues more than one month after being confirmed by the World Health Organization. And while health workers and international aid organizations fight to contain the virus, WHO has focused its most recent efforts on Ebola preparedness training in neighboring countries. In Republic of Congo, more than 50 [...]

Do we keep waiting for the next pandemic or try to prevent it?

By | 2018-06-18T14:30:40+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

News of the latest Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is an urgent reminder that we need to change the way we fight disease, and we need to do so now. Over the last few decades, the number of disease outbreaks has more than tripled, culminating in three major epidemics in recent years — Ebola, yellow [...]

Searching for a change: The need for increased support for public health and research on fungal diseases

By | 2018-06-18T14:26:50+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

Introduction: The threat of fungal diseases Fungal diseases have been continually neglected over the years despite their alarming impact on human health. Recent estimates [1] suggest a global annual occurrence of approximately 3,000,000 cases of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, more than 200,000 cases of cryptococcal meningitis, 700,000 cases of invasive candidiasis, 500,000 cases of Pneumocystis jiroveciipneumonia, 250,000 [...]

Puerto Rico struggles with jump in asthma cases post-Maria

By | 2018-06-18T13:17:49+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — Shortly after he turned 2, Yadriel Hernandez started struggling to breathe. His doctor prescribed an inhaler and an allergy pill for asthma, and his symptoms were mostly under control. Then Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico, strewing mould-producing wreckage across the island and forcing many to use fume-spewing generators for power. [...]

Associations between birth outcomes and maternal PM2.5 exposure in Shanghai: A comparison of three exposure assessment approaches

By | 2018-06-18T13:07:32+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

Highlights •    We assessed PM2.5 exposure, accounting for missing data, at 1-km resolution. •    Maternal PM2.5 exposure was associated with decreased birth weight. •    Maternal PM2.5 exposure was associated with increased risk of preterm birth. •    The magnitude of the estimated associations is higher than precious findings. •    Satellite based exposure assessment without accounting for [...]

Impacts of stove use patterns and outdoor air quality on household air pollution and cardiovascular mortality in southwestern China

By | 2018-06-18T12:56:46+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

Highlights •    Indoor PM2.5 in homes with exclusive use of clean fuel stoves was 36–55% lower than in homes using wood stoves •    Homes using both wood stoves and clean fuel stoves had higher indoor PM2.5 than those using only wood stoves •    Outdoor PM2.5 contributed an estimated 5–54 μg m−3, or 20–44%, of indoor [...]

PCV13 Reduces Hospitalization for Vaccine-Type Community-Acquired Pneumonia

By | 2018-06-18T12:34:42+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

Data published in Clinical Infectious Diseasesdemonstrate the effectiveness of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) against hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in US adults ≥65 years of age. In September 2014, PCV13 was universally recommended to adults ≥65 years of age in the United States. A test-negative design identified cases and controls from a population-based surveillance [...]

Breathless: Pittsburgh’s asthma epidemic and the fight to stop it

By | 2018-06-18T12:24:09+00:00 June 18th, 2018|

Asthma plagues children in Allegheny County—and air pollution is making it worse. How bad is it? With data lacking, a pediatrician and her colleagues set out to put a number on the problem. Testing more than 1,200 elementary school students, they found that 22 percent of kids in the region have asthma. At the state [...]