Germs On A Plane

By |2018-12-16T00:02:10+00:00December 16th, 2018|

Back in September, an Emirates flight from Dubai landed in New York with dozens of passengers complaining of flu-like symptoms. The CDC was called in, and the passengers were promptly quarantined by the CDC. In the end, only a handful were sent to the hospital, and they were dismissed — having been diagnosed with nothing more [...]

Inhaled corticosteroids in COPD: the final verdict is…

By |2018-12-15T23:58:02+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) were first discovered 50 years ago [1] and are now the most widely used controller medication in the world for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Over the past two decades, >40 000 patients with COPD have participated in large-scale ICS therapeutic trials. What have we learned from these studies? First, ICS reduce the risk [...]

“Spy” Virus Eavesdrops on Bacteria, Then Obliterates Them

By |2018-12-15T23:46:04+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Viruses use bacteria’s chemical language to time their destruction; this might lead to new ways to fight infections In the early experiments it looked like the virus called VP882 was doing something that should be impossible for a thing that is not a bacterium, and not technically even alive: intercepting molecular messages exchanged by its [...]

Ultrafine particles in domestic environments: Regional doses deposited in the human respiratory system

By |2018-12-15T23:25:30+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Highlights •    Indoor aerosol respiratory doses may reach levels well above those in outdoors. •    Depending on the aerosol source, as much as 99% of such doses may be made up of UFPs. •    10 nm mode particles are the major dose contributors from brush electric motors. •    The general population is [...]

Tourists may be making Antarctica’s penguins sick

By |2018-12-15T22:51:44+00:00December 15th, 2018|

You can give your cat the flu. You can also pass pneumonia to a chimpanzee or tuberculosis to a bird. This kind of human-to-animal disease transmission, known as reverse zoonosis, has been seen on every continent except one: Antarctica. Now, human-linked pathogens in bird poop reveal, for the first time, that even animals on this [...]

Analysing the link between public transport use and airborne transmission: mobility and contagion in the London underground

By |2018-12-15T22:37:51+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Background The transmission of infectious diseases is dependent on the amount and nature of contacts between infectious and healthy individuals. Confined and crowded environments that people visit in their day-to-day life (such as town squares, business districts, transport hubs, etc) can act as hot-spots for spreading disease. In this study we explore the link between [...]

ECDC: Average of 100 outbreaks per week in 2017

By |2018-12-15T22:30:46+00:00December 15th, 2018|

By Joe Whitworth on December 15, 2018 There were an average of 100 food and waterborne outbreaks per week in Europe, according to the 2017 zoonoses report. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) report also found the agent was unknown in 37.6 percent of all outbreaks. A total [...]

Genetically modified pigs are protected from classical swine fever virus

By |2018-12-15T22:26:00+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Abstract Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is one of the most detrimental diseases, and leads to significant economic losses in the swine industry. Despite efforts by many government authorities to stamp out the disease from national pig populations, the disease remains widespread. Here, antiviral small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) were [...]

Face Mask Use and Persistence of Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Carriage among Industrial Hog Operation Workers and Household Contacts, USA

By |2018-12-15T22:11:06+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Abstract Background: Industrial hog operation (IHO) workers may persistently carry antibiotic-resistant, livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus in their nasal cavities. It is unclear whether IHO work activities can alter IHO workers’ and their household members’ exposure to these bacteria. Objective: Our objective was to investigate the relationship of IHO work activities with persistence of antibiotic-resistant, livestock-associated S. aureus nasal carriage among [...]

Global, regional, and national estimates of pneumonia morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years between 2000 and 2015: a systematic analysis

By |2018-12-15T22:04:32+00:00December 15th, 2018|

Summary Background Global child mortality reduced substantially during the Millennium Development Goal period (2000–15). We aimed to estimate morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of risk factors for child pneumonia at the global, regional, and national level for developing countries for the Millennium Development Goal period. Methods We estimated the incidence, number of hospital admissions, and in-hospital [...]