Future trends in ambient air pollution and climate in Germany – Implications for the indoor environment

By |2018-08-16T00:31:17+00:00August 16th, 2018|

Highlights •    Effects of climate change also influence the indoor air quality. •    Outdoor NO2, PM2.5 and PM10 are decreasing but outdoor background O3is increasing. •    Great challenges will arise in the regulation of indoor temperature and humidity. •    Current thermal insulation standards do not protect indoor spaces from overheating. •    Future [...]

Secondhand smoke drives ED visits for teens

By |2018-08-16T00:20:18+00:00August 16th, 2018|

Teens who were exposed to any type of secondhand tobacco smoke were significantly more likely to visit emergency departments and to have more such visits, compared with unexposed controls, based on data from more than 7,000 adolescents. Approximately 35% of U.S. teens spent more than an hour exposed to secondhand smoke in a given week, wrote Ashley L. [...]

Should I stay or should I go? COPD and air travel

By |2018-08-15T23:59:20+00:00August 15th, 2018|

Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a challenging respiratory problem throughout the world. Although survival is prolonged with new therapies and better management, the magnitude of the burden resulting from moderate-to-severe disease is increasing. One of the major aims of the disease management is to try to break the vicious cycle of patients being [...]

Marital distress, depression, and a leaky gut: Translocation of bacterial endotoxin as a pathway to inflammation.

By |2018-08-15T23:47:28+00:00August 15th, 2018|

BACKGROUND: Marital distress and depression work in tandem to escalate risks for inflammation-related disorders. Translocation of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) from the gut microbiota to blood circulation stimulates systemic inflammatory responses. METHODS: To investigate increased gut permeability (a "leaky gut") as one potential mechanistic pathway from marital distress and depression to heightened inflammation, this secondary [...]

Measles case confirmed in Pinellas County, Florida

By |2018-08-15T23:35:06+00:00August 15th, 2018|

Health officials in Pinellas County, Florida are reporting a confirmed, locally acquired measles case in an unvaccinated child. Image/CDC Florida Department of Health in Pinellas County (DOH-Pinellas) continues to investigate the source of the infection. “We are continuing to investigate, but we would like families to know that their children could be exposed to diseases like [...]

Germs of thrones – spontaneous decolonization of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) in Western Europe: is this myth or reality?

By |2018-08-15T13:45:30+00:00August 15th, 2018|

Background In France, Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) are considered as Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) bacteria. Their management requires reinforcement of hospital’s hygiene policies, and currently there is few consistent data concerning the spontaneous decolonization in XDR colonized patients. Our aim is to study the natural history of decolonization of XDR carriers over time [...]

Next generation pollen monitoring and dissemination

By |2018-08-15T13:37:45+00:00August 15th, 2018|

Abstract Although pollen allergy is the most frequent allergic disease in countries with a western life style (1), knowing “the enemy” i.e. the current pollen exposure, is still a neglected scientific topic. This is remarkable, as pollen levels predict allergy symptoms in allergic individuals (2). In addition, higher pollen exposure results in more allergic sensitizations [...]

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers using big data to predict immunotherapy responses

By |2018-08-14T03:22:22+00:00August 14th, 2018|

In the age of Big Data, cancer researchers are discovering new ways to monitor the effectiveness of immunotherapy treatments. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapydeveloped a new way to use bioinformatics as a gathering tool to determine how a patient's immune system responds to immunotherapy and recognizes its own tumor. The study [...]

Nearly Every Brand of Bottled Water Contains Microplastics

By |2018-08-14T03:02:52+00:00August 14th, 2018|

With the Flint lead crisis still fresh in our memories and contaminated tap water detected across the country, bottled water may seem like an appealing alternative. But a recent study of bottled water, conducted by the journalism organization Orb Media, found that almost every major brand of bottled water is contaminated with particles of plastic. The researchers [...]

Comparison of Antibiotic Prescribing in Retail Clinics, Urgent Care Centers, Emergency Departments, and Traditional Ambulatory Care Settings in the United States

By |2018-08-14T02:57:48+00:00August 14th, 2018|

Antibiotic use contributes to antibiotic resistance and is associated with adverse events, including Clostridium difficile infections.1 Antibiotic overuse, especially for viral respiratory infections, is common.2 Only 60% of outpatient antibiotic prescriptions dispensed in the United States are written in traditional ambulatory care settings (hereinafter “medical offices”) and emergency departments (EDs).2 Growing markets, including urgent care centers and retail clinics, may [...]