About James Sweeney

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So far James Sweeney has created 6598 blog entries.

Harmful use of alcohol kills more than 3 million people each year, most of them men

By |2018-09-22T23:03:38+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

More than 3 million people died as a result of harmful use of alcohol in 2016, according a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) today. This represents 1 in 20 deaths. More than three quarters of these deaths were among men. Overall, the harmful use of alcohol causes more than 5% of the [...]

‘Gut feeling’ may be a hardwired ‘sixth sense’

By |2018-09-22T22:55:35+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

A new study, published in the journal Science, has found that the process through which the gut communicates with the brain is much quicker than previously believed, relying on synapses more than it does on hormones. Nerves before an important meeting can make us feel sick, and now, new research helps us understand why. Over the [...]

Tuberculosis in post-contact Native Americans of Brazil: Paleopathological and paleogenetic evidence from the Tenetehara-Guajajara

By |2018-09-22T22:26:33+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) has been described in Native American populations prior to the arrival of European explorers, and in Brazilian populations dating from the Colonial Period. There are no studies demonstrating TB infection in native Brazilians, and the history and epidemiological scenario of TB in Brazil is still unknown. The aim of this study was [...]

Macrophage mannose receptor, CD206, predict prognosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis

By |2018-09-22T22:18:53+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of fatal infectious disease. Accumulations of macrophages are found in infected sites; thus, we hypothesized that a marker of activated macrophages may be related to prognosis of pulmonary TB (PTB). This study investigated serum soluble macrophage mannose receptor, sCD206, in PTB and examined its clinical significance. First, the [...]

Cargill recalls 66 tons of ground beef after deadly E coli O26 outbreak

By |2018-09-22T22:13:36+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

A four-state outbreak of E. coli O26 with 18 illnesses including six hospitalizations and one death was reported late Thursday by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which issued a Food Safety Alert about the incident. CDC’s alert followed by several hours the announcement by Cargill Meat Solutions of a recall of beef [...]

Navy Researchers Work to Reduce Risk of Melioidosis Among Deployed Military

By |2018-09-22T22:00:38+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

Dr. Kevin Schully, contractor and chief science officer with Naval Medical Research Center’s (NMRC) Austere environments Consortium for Enhanced Sepsis Outcomes Department (ACESO) recently returned stateside after screening Sailors and Marines deployed to Darwin, Australia, who are at risk of developing melioidosis. Melioidosis, also called Whitmore’s disease, is an infectious disease that can infect humans [...]

The Rise of Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis

By |2018-09-22T21:54:56+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

Antimicrobial resistance sparks images of superbugs that emerge from the depths of the human body or in a cinematic scene involving antibiotic-induced farm animals; however, the rise of resistance within bacteria is often more subtle. Staphylococcus epidermidis is a skin bacteria that is so prevalent, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies it as [...]

Remembering the ‘Mother of All Pandemics,’ 100 Years Later

By |2018-09-22T21:47:24+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

The Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 came in three waves. When the first wave crept up in New York City during the spring, residents and officials alike saw it as just another round of the seasonal flu. By mid-summer, the number of related deaths waned, and that first wave barely received a mention in the health department’s [...]

Uganda Prepares to Vaccinate Against Ebola in Case the Virus Strikes the Country

By |2018-09-22T21:36:13+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

September 2018. As Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities intensify in Uganda, the Ministry of Health with support from the World Health Organization (WHO) is making arrangements to vaccinate frontline health workers and high-risk populations should need arise. In case Uganda gets a case of EVD, a strategy known as ring vaccination will be implemented. [...]

Cholera – Zimbabwe

By |2018-09-22T21:26:01+00:00September 22nd, 2018|

On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak in Harare was declared by the Ministry of Health and Child Care (MoHCC) of Zimbabwe and notified to WHO on the same day. Twenty-five patients were admitted to a hospital in Harare presenting with diarrhoea and vomiting on 5 September. The first case, a 25-year-old woman, presented to [...]